Press release: Those in childbearing age are looking forward to the launch of new family support initiatives
The Family Protection Action Plan is favourable for Hungarian families and can help to improve the demographic situation in Hungary - reveals the latest research by the Maria Kopp Institute for Demography and Families (KINCS). A representative survey including 1,000 interviewees shows that respondents aged 18-45 agree that the Family Protection Action Plan has a positive impact on the situation of Hungarian families. Three-quarters of the respondents consider it possible to make use of some of the measures in the future and more than half of them plan to have children in the next five years.
The vast majority of the respondents agree that the measures can help Hungarian families in having a predictable and secure future in the long run. Of the 7 measures, the respondents with children said on average 5.1 would improve the situation of families, being 5.2 on average for those without children.
Most of them have praised the nursery development program (84%), the release of mortgage loans at childbirth (77.8%), the introduction of the subsidy for young married couples (76.8%), the personal income tax exemption for mothers with four children (75.8%), and the extension of the state supported loans (CSOK) for housing (74.8%), but the car purchase support for large families and the child care fee for grandparents was also an important measure that facilitates the everyday life of families according to two-thirds of respondents.
Most of the respondents want to make use of one of the measures: 73.3% consider it possible to take advantage of an opportunity. 51% of respondents wish to make use of the nursery development for their children (of which for 20.7% within three years), 47.4% of the CSOK loan (of which for 18.7% within three years), and the general purpose loan is an attractive option for 39% of the respondents (of which for 16% within three years). The subsidy for young married couples is more popular among those with one child (21%) and childless ones (17.8%), while CSOK loans are preferred by those with multiple children.
13.2% of childless would use nursery care, referring to their idea of having children, 32.5% of those with one child and 22.8% of large families. 26.7% of large families are planning to take advantage of the car purchase support for large families, but 7.5% with one child and 6.9% of childless respondents also want to make use of the opportunity within 3 years. Mortgage release is attractive for 37.2% of all respondents, while the PIT exemption for mothers with four children and the child care fee for grandparents seem to be an attractive option for 21.4% and 21.7% of respondents.
When asked about the ideal number of children in a family in Hungary, 40% of respondents answered two, 49% three children. In line with this, respondents plan on average a total of 2.33 children during their lives. More than half of the respondents (54%) said they would like to have a child in the next five years. 59% of those with tertiary education and 44% of those with primary education said so.
The expected impact of the Family Protection Action Plan is appreciated by the vast majority of the respondents, two thirds of whom suggest that measures can help improve the demographic situation in Hungary.
Methodology: KINCS conducted a telephone questionnaire survey in April 2019, asking 500 men and 500 women aged 18-45. In the national, regionally representative sample, there were 500 childless respondents, 200 with one child, 200 with two children and 100 interviewees with three or more children.